We Are The World

This startling map reveals that the UK and Ireland generate more wealth than 43 other countries put together. Are you still concerned about the economy?

When the UK overtook France in 2014 it became the fifth best performing economy in the world. To put that in perspective, each county of the UK contributes as much as an entire country. Comparing gross domestic product (GDP) – a measure of the value of goods and services produced – Cornwall matches Jamaica, North Yorkshire lines up against Cameroon and Essex outperforms Croatia.

Map of UK regions labelled with the names of countries with a similar GDP

Make it so: UK & Ireland regions and the countries that generate a similar GDP (2013)

It might be home to less than 0.9% of the world’s population, but the UK is punching well above its weight, contributing 2.3% of the global economy.

At a regional level the comparisons are even more impressive: the North West matches Greece’s flailing £154,785 million economy and the 4.5 million residents of the East Midlands are responsible for a greater output than the entire 157 million population of Bangladesh.

Big cities, bright lights

But where the strength of the UK’s economy really shines is when you look at the GDP of individual cities. Sheffield has an economy the size of Ghana, a country that covers an area more than 640 times greater than the City of Steel. The one million residents of Birmingham produce a combined output equal to that of 21 million Angolans and Glasgow has met its match… in Bulgaria.

Map of UK cities labelled with the names of countries with a similar GDP

Urban takeover: UK cities renamed as countries with a similar GDP (2014)

London, the UK’s most economically powerful city, has a GDP roughly the size of Turkey’s. If the capital was an independent country, its £534,821 million GDP would make it the 18th largest economy in the world, just below the Netherlands.

There are surprising matches across the UK: Edinburgh is on a par with Latvia, Newcastle is similar to Serbia and the Portsmouth-Southampton metropolitan area is economic equals with Ethiopia.

The results in full

The rankings in the tables below are based on nominal GDP which is a measure of output alone and does not take into account the cost of living and inflation in each country.

Region GDP 2013 (£m)1 Country GDP 2013 (£m)2
Bedfordshire & Hertfordshire48,703Libya47,414
Berkshire, Buckinghamshire & Oxfordshire86,065Hungary85,258
Border, Midland & Western Ireland25,912Turkmenistan26,743
Cheshire25,828Mozambique & Zambia27,126
Cornwall & Isles of Scilly9,340Jamaica9,177
Derbyshire & Nottinghamshire46,025Belarus45,823
Dorset & Somerset28,195El Salvador & Honduras27,349
East of England900,568Mexico805,725
East Anglia59,368Ecuador60,368
East Midlands99,096Bangladesh95,844
East Wales26,094Tanzania27,890
East Yorks. & Northern Lancashire18,239Paraguay18,537
Eastern Scotland50,423Serbia, Bosnia, Montenegro & Macedonia50,469
Gloucestershire, Wiltshire & Bristol/Bath area66,382Morocco66,351
Greater Manchester62,763Slovakia62,435
Hampshire & Isle of Wight52,055Cuba & Albania51,835
Herefordshire, Worcestershire & Warwickshire29,949Slovenia30,664
Highlands & Islands9,447Botswana9,448
Inner London264,768UAE257,095
Leicestershire, Rutland & Northamptonshire39,677Dominican Republic39,084
North East England50,614Oman50,900
North Eastern Scotland19,602Bolivia19,554
North West England157,976Greece154,785
North Yorkshire18,465Cameroon18,894
Northern Ireland36,634Uruguay35,597
Northumberland and Tyne & Wear29,665Tunisia30,029
Outer London112,798Kuwait112,356
Shropshire & Staffordshire30,913Ghana30,760
South East England253,475Thailand247,454
South West England126,950Peru129,302
South Western Scotland51,169Kenya & Uganda51,085
South Yorkshire25,165Panama27,252
Southern & Eastern Ireland121,521Romania121,179
Surrey, East & West Sussex77,967Angola79,350
Tess Valley & Durham20,949Congo DR20,890
West Midlands122,979Romania121,179
West Midlands62,117Puerto Rico65,903
West Wales & The Valleys31,990Costa Rica31,708
West Yorkshire51,577Oman50,900
Yorkshire & the Humber113,446Ukraine113,378
City GDP 2014 (£m)3 Country GDP 2014 (£m)4
Birmingham 77,483 Angola 82,281
Bristol 30,502 Tanzania 30,676
Cardiff 23,046 Jordan 22,890
Edinburgh 20,798 Latvia 20,461
Glasgow 36,318 Bulgaria 35,736
Leeds/Bradford 47,729 Sri Lanka 47,736
Liverpool 42,730 Dominican Republic 41,009
London 534,821 Turkey 515,909
Manchester 59,046 Slovakia 63,981
Newcastle 28,541 Serbia 28,074
Nottingham/Derby 32,622 Lebanon 31,948
Portsmouth/Southampton 33,050 Ethiopia 33,494
Sheffield 25,469 Ghana 24,735
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